In this month’s edition, we again focus on pedestrian protection systems. In addition, the number of EV vehicles in passenger and distribution transport continues to increase. This month, we focus on the Maxus EV80, an electrically powered delivery van which has been added to our Crash Recovery System database.
More on these topics in our newsletter this month!
UPDATE PEDESTRIAN PROTECTION SYSTEMS
In last month’s newsletter we highlighted pedestrian protection systems. In doing so, we explained the various types of pedestrian protection systems. Opel, for example, uses two pyrotechnical compression springs which, upon activation, push the bonnet up by about 130 mm.
CRS image Opel Insignia 2017-2018
Another type of pedestrian protection system which we touched on in the previous newsletter works with an airbag. The airbag, upon activation, pushes the bonnet upwards and also covers the windscreen and the A-pillars. This type of pedestrian protection system can be found in the Volvo V40.
CRS image V40 2012-2018
The development of these passive safety systems is an ongoing process. The latest development is a combination of these two pedestrian protection systems. Both systems are applied in the new Jaguar E-Pace 2018 and the yet to be launched I-Pace. Besides this, in the Jaguar F-Type, instead of two pyrotechnical compression springs, two small one-stage airbags are used to push the bonnet 130 mm upwards.
ATTENTION: both pedestrian protection systems are in place!
CRS image Jaguar E-Pace 2018
IMPORTANT: The system can distinguish between contact with a pedestrian or a different object, for example, a traffic cone, using signals from pedestrian impact sensors. When the system determines contact has been made with a pedestrian, the pyrotechnical compression springs are activated whereby the rear of the bonnet is raised about 20 mm within 20 ms. The pedestrian protection system airbag activates with a 20 ms delay after the pyrotechnical compression springs are activated.
CRS image with information about the pedestrian airbag with the activated pedestrian airbag circled in red
CRS image Jaguar F-Type 2014-2018
ATTENTION:The Jaguar F-Type has small airbags under the bonnet which push the bonnet 130 mm upwards, instead of two pyrotechnical compression springs such as in the Opel Insignia!
NEW ELECTRICAL VEHICLES ADDED TO THE CRS
Due to the increasing number of environmental zones in large cities, from which polluting diesel vehicles are being excluded, there is an increase in the number of alternatively powered vehicles. In the previous edition, we already focused on a hydrogen-driven city bus. In this newsletter, we focus on an electrically powered delivery van, the SAIC Motor Maxus EV80 and the new LEVC (London Black Cab) TX e-City (both vehicles are added to the Crash Recovery System database at the end of May).
The London Cab is completely electrically powered and is almost silent. The TX is also suited for carrying wheelchair users. The electrically powered TX is equipped with a so-called range extender. A small petrol engine can, if necessary, charge the battery during the trip, something we are already familiar with in the Opel Ampera, Chevrolet Volt and Fisker Karma. This taxi is already being deployed in other European cities besides London. In the Netherlands, for example, in The Hague, Rotterdam and Amsterdam.
Besides passenger transport, distribution traffic is also being confronted with environmental zones. The range of options in alternatively powered vehicles for this target group is also growing. This month in the Crash Recovery System database-update: the Maxus EV80 by SAIC Motor.
SAIC Motor Maxus EV80 delivery van and pick-up 2018
The Maxus dates back to 2004. It was then built by the LDV Group, a British delivery van manufacturer. In 2010, after a British and Russian period, LDV came into the hands of the Chinese giant SAIC Motor, which began selling the delivery van in their home country as the Maxus V80. There is an electric version of this vehicle called the EV80. A chassis-cab version of the EV80-model has also been introduced. SAIC is now beginning to target the European market with its models and has established headquarters in Luxembourg.
IMPORTANT: In both vehicles, the electric drive switches off after activation of an airbag or seat belt tensioner. Always check the dashboard: is the Ready indicator still on? If so, turn the vehicle off manually. To do this, follow the step-by-step plan as indicated in the Crash Recovery System under the 'Show Deactivation' button.
ATTENTION: The manufacturer has informed us that there is a residual voltage present after the drive has been turned off. This residual voltage disappears completely after five minutes. This important information for the first responder is recorded in the Crash Recovery System!
The positions of all the important components for the first responder are shown in the illustration. The same deactivation method applies for both the delivery van and the chassis-cab version. IMPORTANT: It is important that the first responder recognises the pictograms and knows that important information is available by clicking accordingly.
Pictograms for deactivating CRS